By that I mean they’re tasty and alluring, but not very nutritious, not very healthy.
The “junk food of journalism” is a turn of phrase suggested by an American University graduate student a few years ago. And, crediting him, I included that description in my media-mythbusting book, Getting It Wrong, which came out almost a year ago.
Media myths, she suggested, also are akin to “comfort food of journalism.”
The comfort food of journalism.
I liked the phrase. Liked it immediately.
Media myths, after all, do tend to offer comfort to journalists, the practitioners of a profession that’s largely unloved.
Tales such as those about the mythical “Cronkite Moment” or the heroic journalists who exposed Watergate make newsgathering seem vital, central, and essential. Those and other tales speak to the potential of journalism to do good, to make a difference.
The tales are indeed much like comfort food.
Seeking reassurance about the relevance of journalism helps explain the myth of superlative reporting that marred the coverage of the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina’s landfall in late summer 2005.
The hurricane brought vast flooding to New Orleans, where levees failed.
“In the face of the deepening disaster, federal, state, and city emergency relief efforts proved sluggish, erratic, and stymied, especially in New Orleans,” I write in Getting It Wrong, adding:
“Evidence of government incompetence at all levels was abundant, and became a powerful story. People were suffering in New Orleans, and journalists went after the story vigorously, posing lacerating questions of federal, state, and city authorities: Where was the aid? Why had it not arrived? What was to be done to help the evacuees?”
“Those first days were a time for intrepid TV cameramen to take us into the stench and the sweat, the anger and the not knowing, the fear of those who seemed abandoned by their own country,” American Journalism Review asserted. “Those first days were a time for newspapers to put aside jitters about their declining importance and worries about layoffs and cutbacks. The old papers instead reasserted the comfort and utility of news you could hold in your hand.”
“In this era of blogs, pundits and shouted arguments, the coming of Katrina reunited the people and the reporters. In a time of travail, parts of the media landscape that had seemed faded, yea, even discarded, now felt true.”
Woah: “reunited the people and the reporters”? Talk about comfort food for the press.
The reporting about Katrina’s aftermath was “no high, heroic moment in American journalism,” I note, adding:
“The coverage was in important respects flawed and exaggerated. On crucial details, journalists erred badly, and got it wrong.”
In the days immediately after Katrina’s landfall, news reports described apocalyptic horror supposedly unleashed by the hurricane. Journalists reported snipers firing at medical personnel. They reported shots were fired at helicopters, halting evacuations from the Convention Center. They told of bodies being stacked there like cordwood.
News reports spoke of roving gangs that preyed on tourists and terrorized the occupants of the Superdome. They said children were victims of sexual assault, that one seven-year-old was raped and her throat was slit. They reported that sharks were plying the flooded streets of New Orleans.
None of those reports, as it turned out, was verified or substantiated.
The exaggerated coverage not only delayed the arrival of aid to New Orleans; it impugned a battered city and defamed its residents, depicting them, inaccurately, as having shed all restraint in the face of a disaster.
Recent and related:
- ‘Getting It Wrong’ wins SPJ award for Research about Journalism
- Media myths, the junk food of journalism
- Sniffing out media myths
- Mainstream media ‘fractured’ in covering Katrina
- Give the press D-minus on post-Katrina coverage
- Koppel goes on NPR, indulges in media myth
- News media indispensable to democracy? Some evidence would be nice
- More mythical claims for WaPo’s Watergate reporting
- Time for WaPo to disclose sources on dubious Lynch story
- Myth and error: Recalling the rescue of Private Lynch
- Too good to be disbelieved: The military, myth, and Jessica Lynch
- ‘Getting It Wrong’ goes Majic